Ireland on the brink as budget crunch looms
Austerity threatens growth, but markets leave Dublin little choice
After promising a 15 billion euro ($20.7 billion) austerity package of spending cuts and tax hikes, Ireland’s government may be facing its last chance to avoid a bailout by persuading markets that the country can repay its debts.
Yields on government bonds have soared in recent days as investors increasingly fear that the only long-term option for Ireland will be a bailout from Europe. But sympathy for Brian Cowen’s Fianna Fail–led coalition is almost nonexistent among Dubliners, who see the government as the biggest villain in the collapse of the Irish economy…
Please read the whole article, but I’ll summarize it in just a few words: Ireland is damned if they do and damned if they don’t. If Ireland does nothing, it will be unable to repay its debts. In other words, it will default if it is not given a bailout. But the EU will not bail out Ireland if it does not reduce its deficit.
If Ireland chooses to reduce its deficit, which it is trying to do, it will require massive tax increases and/or huge cuts in spending. Either will result in massive protests and economic harm.
Western governments have been spending more than it could afford for nearly a century now. In the US, it started in 1913 with the emergence of the Federal Reserve and ratification of the income tax amendment. It got worse with the two world wars, Great Depression, and breaking from the gold standard. Now, countries like Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and Spain have only years, if not months, to get their houses in order. After 100 years of failure, we are now paying the price.